What is GDPR? GDPR and Whois
General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
After four years of preparation and debate the GDPR was finally approved by the EU Parliament on 14 April 2016. Enforcement date: 25 May 2018 - at which time those organizations in non-compliance may face heavy fines.
Better rules for small business
Stronger rules on data protection from 25 May 2018 mean citizens have more control over their data and business benefits from a level playing field. One set of rules for all companies operating in the EU, wherever they are based. Find out what this means for your SME.
What is GDPR personal data ?
- Online identifier
- Health information
- Cultural profile
- and more
Why change the rules?
It's about trust...
A lack of trust in old data protection rules held back the digital economy and quite possibly your business.
of people feel they have complete control over the information they provide online.
And helping business boom...
One set of rules for all companies processing data in the EU
Doing business just got easier and fairer
The new system keeps costs down and will help business grow
estimated economic benefits of having one law.
New rules should boost consumer confidence and in turn business.
What your company must do for GDPR?
Protect the rights of people giving you their data
Use plain language.Tell them who you are when you request the data. Say why you are processing their data, how long it will be stored and who receives it.
Get their clear consent to process the data.Collecting from children for social media? Check age limit for parental consent.
Access and Portability
Let people access their data and give it to another company.
Inform people of data breaches if there is a serious risk to them.
Give people the ‘right to be forgotten’. Erase their personal data if they ask, but only if it doesn’t compromise freedom of expression or the ability to research.
If you use profiling to process applications for legally-binding agreements like loans you must:
- Inform your customers;
- Make sure you have a person, not a machine, checking the process
if the application ends in a refusal;
- Offer the applicant the right to contest the decision.
Give people the right to opt out of direct marketing that uses their data.
Safeguarding sensitive data
Use extra safeguards for information on health, race, sexual orientation, religion and political beliefs.
Data transfer outside the EU
Make legal arrangements when you transfer data to countries that have not been approved by the EU authorities.
Do data protection by design
Build data protection safeguards into your products and services from the earliest stages of development.
Processing data for another company?
Make sure you have a watertight contract listing the responsibilities of each party.
Check if you need a data protection officer
This is not always obligatory. It depends on the type and amount of data you collect, whether processing is your main business and if you do it on a large scale.
- You process personal data to target advertising through search engines based on people’s behaviour online.Yes
- You send your clients an advert once a year to promote your local food business.No
- You are a GP and collect data on your patients’ health.No
- You process personal data on genetics and health for a hospital.Yes
SMEs only have to keep records if data processing is
- A threat to people's rights
- Dealing with sensitive data
or criminal records
Records should contain:
- Name and contact details of business
- Reasons for data processing
- Description of categories of data subjects and personal data
- Categories of organisations receiving the data
- Transfer of data to another country or organisation
- Time limit for removal of data, if possible
- Description of security measures used when processing, if possible
Anticipate with impact assessments
Impact assessments may be required for HIGH-RISK processing.
and evaluation of
monitoring of a
publicly accessible area (e.g. CCTV)
processing of sensitive
data like biometrics
The cost of
Your local Data Protection Authority monitors compliance; their work is coordinated at EU-level.
The cost of falling foul of the rules can be high.